Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 Old World swallowtail or Common Yellow swallowtail, Schwalbenschwanz, Machaon (papillon), Парусник махаон.
Distribution and biological peculiarities in Armenia: The species is present throughout the entire Palearctic region, ranging from Russia to China and Japan, (including the Himalayas and Taiwan), and across into Alaska, Canada, and the United States. In Asia, it is reported as far south as Saudi Arabia, Oman, the high mountains of Yemen, Lebanon and Israel. In southern Asia, it occurs in Pakistan and Kashmir, northern India (Sikkim,, to Assam and Arunachal Pradesh), Nepal, Bhutan, and northern Myanmar. This butterfly is widespread in Europe. In the United Kingdom, it is limited to a few areas in the Norfolk Broads of East Anglia. It is the UK's largest resident butterfly.
Population dynamics: The species is slightly uncommon within typical habitat.
Conservation measures: The species is not included in the Global and European Red Lists.