Distribution and biological peculiarities in Armenia: The species is distributed in Northern Africa, South-western Europe, Southern Russia, Asia Minor, Southern Siberia, Middle Asia, Iran, Baluchistan, and Nepal. Armenia is inhabited by subspecies H. l. intermedia (Staudinger, 1886), which predominantely occupies Central and Southern regions of Armenia, occurring in arid habitats, like semi-deserts, juniper woodlands, dry deciduous woodlands and mountain steppes, riparian forests and scrubs. It takes the elevation range from 400 to 2000 m a.s.l. Oriental Steppe Brown uses wide variety of grasses as the host-plants. It gives one generation per year having butterflies on wing from mid May till early September.
Population dynamics: The species is slightly uncommon within typical habitat, and shows stable population trend during 2003-2013 (p>0.05). It appears that the species' adaptability and opportunity to switch between host plants helps it to survive under intensive grazing and in some areas even under habitat transformation.
Conservation measures: The species is not included in the Global and Armenian Red Lists, as well as not included in CITES and Bern Conventions. It is though assessed for European Red Book as Least Concern. Preliminary assessment of its national conservation status also suggests it as a Least Concern. The species occurs in number of Protected Areas, Emerald Sites, and Prime Butterfly Areas, and at current doesn't require development of specific conservation measures, however it is important to continue its monitoring as an essential component of number of habitats.